In 1994 Texas adopted the Texas Accessibility Standards and added an entire section just for children. Section 2 of TAS shows how high drinking fountains, water closets, lavatories and grab bars need to be mounted...among other things. So for the past 16 years, Texas has been designing for children with disabilities.
Now the 2004 ADAAG has several places througout the standards that gives you specific requirement for children. The ADA Companion Guide shows examples and gives commentary on how the guidelines came to adopt the children's requirements.
Section 102 tells us:
"The technical requirements are based on adult dimensions and anthropometrics. In addition, this
document includes technical requirements based on children’s dimensions and anthropometrics for
drinking fountains, water closets, toilet compartments, lavatories and sinks, dining surfaces, and work
New items that are also scoped for children, is play areas! Now instead of just requiring an accessible route up to the equipment, the components within the play area will have to comply. The requirements are lengthy, so we will be more specific in a different post.
Water closets, toilet compartments, grab bars and dispenser heights for children are found in Section 604.9 and there is a table that we use according to the different age groups.
So when the new ADA is required (March 15, 2012) children will be counted and will be given similar standards than the adults. Just like the old standards gave more independence and dignity to the adults with disabilities, the new guidelines now give more independence and dignity to our disabled children!